# AND

**Wh****at Does It Do?**

This function tests two or more conditions to see if they are all true. It can be used to test that a series of numbers meet certain conditions. It can be used to test that a number or a date falls between an upper and lower limit. Normally the AND() function would be used in conjunction with a function such as =IF().

**Syntax**

=AND(Test1,Test2)

Note that there can be up to 30 possible tests.

**Formatting**

When used by itself it will show TRUE or FALSE.

Items To Test | | Result | |

500 | 800 | TRUE | =AND(C4>=100,D4>=100) |

500 | 25 | FALSE | =AND(C5>=100,D5>=100) |

25 | 500 | FALSE | =AND(C6>=100,D6>=100) |

12 | TRUE | =AND(D7>=1,D7<=52) |

# Example:

The following example shows a list of examination results. The teacher wants to find the pupils who scored above average in all three exams. The =AND() function has been used to test that each score is above the average. The result of TRUE is shown for pupils who have scored above average in all three exams.

Name | Maths | English | Physics | Passed |

Alan | 80 | 75 | 85 | TRUE |

Bob | 50 | 30 | 40 | FALSE |

Carol | 60 | 70 | 50 | FALSE |

David | 90 | 85 | 95 | TRUE |

Eric | 20 | 30 | Absent | FALSE |

Fred | 40 | 60 | 80 | FALSE |

Gail | 10 | 90 | 80 | FALSE |

Harry | 80 | 70 | 60 | TRUE |

Ian | 30 | 10 | 20 | FALSE |

Janice | 10 | 20 | 30 | FALSE |

=AND(C38>=AVERAGE($C$29:$C$38), D38>=AVERAGE($D$29:$D$38), E38>=AVERAGE($E$29:$E$38)) |

Averages | 47 | 54 | 60 |